The moisture-rich summertime air, rain waters that rush in, a washing machine gone wrong or a serious plumbing problem can all create a breeding ground for mold. These potentially dangerous fungi can cause problems for people and pets, including respiratory distress, skin irritations, and other assorted allergies.
Professional remediation of mold as soon as possible is essential when it comes to reducing the associated risks. But before you can call in the pros, you need to know that you have a problem. While the popular picture of mold is a slimy black growth that sticks to walls, baseboards and flooring components, this fungi's appearance can differ based on the type that your home has.
What should watch for if your home has a moisture problem or water damage? Take a look at some of the most common types of mold that grow in residential structures.
This mold species is extremely common in damp or wet areas. As it colonizes a space, Alternaria takes on a black or grey color and has a textured suede-like appearance. Because Alternaria is a species, this type of mold has many varieties that grow in outdoor vegetation or on fruits and vegetables in the home. The spores can also take root on other interior surfaces, causing potential health risks.
Research has linked exposure to some species of Alternaria, especially Alternaria alternata, to the development or aggravation of asthma. A study of 831 residential housing units (with 2,456 human participants) in 75 different geographic areas found that the likelihood of having asthma symptoms increased with exposure to Alternaria alternata, according to the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
Given the association between Alternaria and asthma, prompt identification and remediation are critical for public health and safety.
Aspergillus is another common household mold. This invader may range in color, depending on the specific species. You may notice a black coating with white or yellow colors underneath or a yellowish-green color with a red-brown undercoat if you have an Aspergillus infestation. Given that there are over 180 different species of Aspergillus, you'll need a professional mold remediation expert to precisely identify the danger.
Breathing Aspergillus spores typically isn't problematic for most healthy adults with wellfunctioning immune systems. But for some people (especially the young, seniors, and those with pre-existing health issues), this mold can cause serious lung or sinuses infections.
With more than 500 different species of this type of mold, identification often poses a problem for homeowners. Typically, this mold presents as black, brown, or green splotches on surfaces. You can find Cladosporium growing on several different types of surfaces, depending on the moisture concentration. These possible surfaces include walls, the underside of carpets and padding, windowsills, wallpaper, floors, bathrooms, HVAC system vents, and damp basements.
Like other molds, this one needs dampness or water to take hold. This makes removing the moisture a top priority when reducing the risks associated with this mold. Like some other types of mold, Cladosporium may not cause negative health effects in adults with normally functioning immune systems. However, those with delicate immune systems or those with specific sensitivities to this mold can experience allergic respiratory or skin reactions.
This filamentous fungus has a thread-like appearance and may grow in thick patches. When inhaled, the spores can cause an infection known as mucormycosis. Symptoms include fever and pain, especially in the face. Along with affecting the upper respiratory system, Mucor can also infect the eyes, brain, and digestive tract. People with weakened immune systems or uncontrolled diabetes are most at risk for infection from this mold.
Do you have mold in your home? Quick and expert-level remediation is vital to controlling problem-causing fungal growth. Contact A Nicer Reflection Cleaning & Restoration Inc. for help.